Coronavirus: BBC poll shows stark divide between rich and poor countries
The coronavirus pandemic has hit poorer international locations more durable than the remainder of the world, sowing inequality globally, a BBC ballot has proven.
The survey of almost 30,000 individuals reveals how totally different international locations have been affected by the pandemic, six months after it was confirmed on 11 March.
The monetary toll was a serious situation, after lockdowns broken economies worldwide.
Poorer international locations and youthful individuals say they’re going through the best hardship.
A drop in revenue was reported by 69% of respondents in poorer international locations, compared to 45% in richer ones, the ballot discovered.
Outcomes additionally differed alongside race and gender traces, with girls worse off than males, and black individuals reporting larger ranges of Covid-19 an infection than white individuals within the US.
The analysis was carried out for the BBC World Service in 27 international locations by GlobeScan in June 2020, the peak of the pandemic in lots of locations.
In whole, greater than 27,000 individuals have been surveyed about Covid-19 and the influence it has had on their lives.
“One of many central narratives of this pandemic has been that ‘we’re all on this collectively’,” Chris Coulter, the chief govt of GlobeScan, advised the BBC.
“Our ballot finds that the alternative is true. Throughout totally different international locations and inside most international locations, outcomes present that those that are most systemically deprived have been hit the toughest.”
An unequal world
The pandemic has had a extra extreme influence on individuals in poorer international locations and has exacerbated current inequalities, the ballot discovered.
There was a notable divide between international locations among the many Organisation for Financial Co-operation and Growth (OECD) and non-member international locations. The OECD is a world group of 37 international locations which are among the many world’s most affluent economies.
The ballot reveals that 69% of individuals in non-OECD international locations had their revenue affected because of the pandemic, in comparison with 45% of these dwelling in OECD international locations.
General, the analysis discovered that individuals in Latin America, Asia and Africa have been extra more likely to say the virus had had a substantial influence on them than these dwelling in Europe and North America.
Individuals in Kenya (91%), Thailand (81%), Nigeria (80%), South Africa (77%), Indonesia (76%), and Vietnam (74%) have been almost certainly to have been affected financially.
Individuals on low incomes in these international locations have been almost certainly to say they now had even much less cash.
However counter-intuitively, individuals with excessive incomes in Australia, Canada, Japan, Russia, and the UK have been extra more likely to have been impacted financially by the pandemic than these incomes the least.
A generational divide
The pandemic has opened up a gulf between younger and outdated, in accordance with the ballot.
Youthful generations say they’ve skilled a more durable time than older generations. This could be as a result of there have been fewer alternatives to work, socialise and search schooling through the pandemic.
Some 55% of respondents from Gen Z (individuals born between the mid-1990s and early 2010s) and 56% of Millennials (individuals born between the early 1980s and mid-1990s) really feel the pandemic has tremendously affected their lives.
In distinction, solely 49% of these from Gen X (individuals born from 1965 to 1980) and 39% of Child Boomers (individuals born from 1946 to 1964) mentioned they felt the identical.
Gen Z respondents suffered the worst monetary hit, with 63% saying they noticed a change to their incomes. Conversely, solely 42% of Child Boomers mentioned their incomes have been affected.
Older generations are additionally extra more likely to have escaped bodily or monetary hurt. Some 56% of Child Boomers and older reported no bodily or monetary impacts, in comparison with 39% on common globally.
Different key findings from the ballot embody:
- Practically six in 10 individuals (57%) say they’ve been affected financially by the pandemic
- Ladies say they’re going through a larger monetary influence than males. The best disparities have been reported in Germany (32% of girls versus 24% of males), Italy (50% versus 43%), and the UK (45% versus 38%).
- Within the US, 14% of black People say they or a member of the family have been contaminated with Covid-19, in contrast with 7% of white People
- Dad and mom felt larger impacts from the pandemic, with 57% telling pollsters they’ve been tremendously affected, versus 41% of individuals with out youngsters